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Impacts of foot-and-mouth disease on livelihoods in the Borena Plateau of Ethiopia

Tariku Jibat1*, Berhanu Admassu2, Tesfaye Rufael3, Maximilian PO Baumann4 and Carsten J Pötzsch5

Author Affiliations

1 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 34, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia

2 Feinstein International Center, Tufts University, P.O. Box 1078, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

3 National Animal Health Diagnostics and Investigation Center, P.O. Box 34, Sebeta, Ethiopia

4 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, Königsweg 67, Berlin, 14163, Germany

5 EpiVetGermany, Fontanestr. 12, Tramnitz 16866, Germany

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Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice 2013, 3:5  doi:10.1186/2041-7136-3-5

Published: 14 June 2013

Abstract

This study was conducted to estimate impacts of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) on producers' livelihoods in Borena zone, southern Ethiopia, using participatory appraisal methods and secondary data sources. Livestock-related livelihood options accounted for 31% of the total means of food and income sources followed by crop farming. This study clearly showed that FMD had the greatest impact on the cattle-derived benefits. FMD outbreak frequencies were found to be significantly correlated to the length of extended dry season (r = 0.377). In addition, FMD is ranked as the number one cattle disease after 1985 with significant rank change (t = 12.04) as compared to 1984 and before. Considering the impacts of FMD on peoples' livelihoods, FMD effective control strategies would reduce stress on people's lives, improve food security and keep social harmony.

Keywords:
Foot-and-mouth disease; Participatory epidemiology; Socio-economics; Pastoralists; Ethiopia