Impacts of foot-and-mouth disease on livelihoods in the Borena Plateau of Ethiopia
1 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 34, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia
2 Feinstein International Center, Tufts University, P.O. Box 1078, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
3 National Animal Health Diagnostics and Investigation Center, P.O. Box 34, Sebeta, Ethiopia
4 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, Königsweg 67, Berlin, 14163, Germany
5 EpiVetGermany, Fontanestr. 12, Tramnitz 16866, Germany
Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice 2013, 3:5 doi:10.1186/2041-7136-3-5Published: 14 June 2013
This study was conducted to estimate impacts of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) on producers' livelihoods in Borena zone, southern Ethiopia, using participatory appraisal methods and secondary data sources. Livestock-related livelihood options accounted for 31% of the total means of food and income sources followed by crop farming. This study clearly showed that FMD had the greatest impact on the cattle-derived benefits. FMD outbreak frequencies were found to be significantly correlated to the length of extended dry season (r = 0.377). In addition, FMD is ranked as the number one cattle disease after 1985 with significant rank change (t = 12.04) as compared to 1984 and before. Considering the impacts of FMD on peoples' livelihoods, FMD effective control strategies would reduce stress on people's lives, improve food security and keep social harmony.